Psilocybin mushrooms, also known as purple passion, magic mushrooms or shrooms, have their place in history as being used in religious and spiritual rituals in Mesoamerica. They are also quite famous in Europe and the United States as popular recreational psychedelics.
Shrooms are considered illegal in the United States and are categorized as a Schedule I controlled substance, although the DEA and FDA are looking into its possible use in the psychiatric and medical settings.
Being under Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, possessing and trading shrooms carry severe penalties. It is easier to understand why they are considered illegal if people know how they affect the body and how long it stays in an individual’s system.
What are Its Effects in Your System?
Psilocybin can be found in certain types of mushrooms. These mushrooms can even be brewed in a tea or eaten fresh or dried.
Once the psilocybin enters the body, it is converted to psilocin. The substance is believed to be acting on the serotonin levels in the brain. Brain imagining involving psilocybin showed there are areas in the brain with decreased activity. Also, there is increased communication involving different brain regions that have led to unusual and altered perceptions.
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How Long Does It Stay in the Body?
The psilocybin mushrooms leave the body quite quickly. It takes 24 hours for the body to metabolize it and remove the psychoactive drugs found in the shrooms. However, it could take up to three days for the substance to leave the system of the person who regularly abuses the magic mushrooms.
There are drug testing companies that provide specialized testing for psilocybin and psilocin. But the standard tests conducted by most of the major drug testing companies do not generally look into shrooms abuse.
Once a person eats psychedelic mushrooms, psilocybin metabolizes into psilocin in a matter of 20 to 40 minutes. As the psilocin levels increases in the bloodstream, the individual will soon feel the effects of the drug.
These effects peak in about 90 minutes and can last for up to six hours. The psilocin has a 50-minute half-life or the time within which half of the drug’s dose leaves the blood. This elimination is done through the kidneys and becomes urine.
The average time for 95 percent of psilocybin to leave the body is about 13 hours. On the other hand, about 95 percent of the psilocin is out of the body after four hours, more or less. Just to reiterate, these are just the averages. There are a variety of factors that affect the actual times these substances leave a particular person’s system.
How Long Does It Show Up on a Drug Test?
A standard drug test conducted by most drug testing companies do not test for psilocybin or psilocin. Popular substances such as marijuana, cocaine, and opioids are the common subjects of five-panel drug tests. The nine-panel tests, on the other hand, looks into the use of barbiturates and benzodiazepines. The shrooms are not included in any of the tests.
Thus, it is not clear just how long the tests can detect the substances. However, considering that psilocybin practically leaves the system completely within 13 hours, it will be quite difficult to detect the substance after a day.
But it will be a different story for urine tests as it can detect the presence of drugs for longer periods of time. The metabolites of other substances, which leaves the blood after 12 hours can still be traced in the urine for up to three days after ingesting. These drugs include amphetamines and cocaine. A 2002 study even found some traces of psilocin in participants’ urine 24 hours after psilocybin was consumed.
Another test that can detect psilocybin and psilocin is by testing a person’s hair samples. Doing so can detect the use of shrooms for up to 90 days. But these hair tests are not usually done except when trying to detect hallucinogen abuse.
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What are the Factors Affecting Shrooms Detection?
There are several factors to consider how long the substance in a person’s system can be detected. These include the frequency of use, the dose of shrooms taken, and genetics. It must also be noted that there are some who can easily metabolize the drug compared to others.
The more shrooms a person eats, the longer it will take to metabolize. In the same manner, those who consume shrooms more frequently will yield a positive result for a longer period of time.
The other factors affecting detection time are:
- Smoking history
- Alcohol use
- Kidney health
- Liver health
- Existing medical conditions
While shrooms are not addictive, they can result in serious side effects, such as symptoms of psychosis, paranoia, dizziness, and flashbacks.
In rare instances, it can cause hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD). This can lead to recurring flashbacks to visual hallucinations. Sadly, this is a debilitating disorder that needs medical treatment.
Additionally, if your work or any other legal reason require drug testing, the use of shrooms can lead to serious consequences in your life.
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