Adderall is a stimulant that is mainly used to treat ADHD. It’s a combination of both amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which pass through the central nervous system and alter the chemicals in the brain to control hyperactivity. Patients taking this drug report of improved concentration, listening skills, and their ability to control their behaviors. This drug is also used for people dealing with narcolepsy.
Snorting Adderall will transmit large quantities of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine into your body. The effects are more direct compared to when you take the tablet since the drug still passes through the GI tract. The chemical will shoot through the mucous membrane and into your brain faster. Within minutes, the user will feel euphoric, extremely focused, and uncontained energy. He can do so many things at once, which is basically the same effects when you shoot up methamphetamine, the street drug known as ice.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of children diagnosed with ADHD in 2016 reached 6.1 million, although there’s some controversy over the metrics used in the diagnosis. Adderall is not as potent with people with ADHD, but the same euphoric effects can still be felt.
Adderall is listed under Schedule II of the Controlled Substance Act, which means it has a high potential for abuse and high potential for substance dependence. The pill can come in 12.5 milligrams up to 30 mg in doses.
Red Flags to Indicate Adderall Addiction
Doctors prescribe oral Adderall for ADHD patients. The reason is obvious and that’s because the drug is highly addictive. When they become hooked, they could no longer function without the substance in their system.
There are ways to determine if the person is already addicted to Adderall. If your loved one exhibits the following symptoms, call the doctor immediately:
- Takes more than the prescribed dosage
- The frequency of taking the drug increases
- Doesn’t care that large doses will cause harm to the body
- The supply is exhausted quickly even before the scheduled visit to the doctor
- Not being able to function without taking Adderall
- Changes in behavior
- Racking up debts
It’s this misconception that Adderall, which is also true for any other prescription medicines, is safe because it was the doctor that gave it in the first place. However, substance dependence will almost always follow if the user doesn’t follow the instructions, or if the loved ones do not monitor the intake. And there’s a lot of the drug out there even with the stricter guidelines for doctors against freely prescribing amphetamines and other prescription opioids to treat a condition. In 2012, for instance, nearly 16 million prescriptions were given by physicians that allow the patients to buy over-the-counter stimulants like Adderall.
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Side Effects of Snorting Adderall
Along with the euphoric feeling and the other positive impacts of the chemical substance, there’s bound to be some negative outcomes for abuse. Below are just some of the side effects of snorting Adderall.
- Mood swings
- Over excitement
- Chest pains
- Difficulty breathing
- Erratic heartbeat
- Irrational fears or paranoia
- Muscle spasms
- Suicidal thoughts
Adderall can also result in weight loss, which is why it’s popular in some circles. Those who have an eating disorder are bound to take this drug due to their distorted self-image.
This drug is especially dangerous if the patient has a history of mental illness, bipolar disorder or depression.
Adderall as a Study Drug
The problem is the tendency to romanticize Adderall as a study drug, which seems to suggest that students are only taking it as a tool in order to get good grades, rather than telling it like it is: substance abuse.
It’s no use to deny the logic behind taking the drug before studying because it does help the user concentrate better for hours on end. The user can also ward off drowsiness while the drug is still in the system.
Ritalin used to be the drug of choice for students, but Adderall has replaced that stimulant in recent years. Before 2009, in fact, nobody was searching for Adderall on Google. In just a year after that, the numbers drastically changed. The only explanation was that the drug has gained a reputation through word-of-mouth, from campus to campus.
But then again, describing it as a study drug only trivializes the dangers that Adderall poses to the body and the brain.
How Dangerous is it to Snort Adderall?
As you can see from the symptoms, there’s an inherent danger in snorting Adderall. Drug abuse will not only strain relationships with families and friends, but it will also affect your school or job, and drastically change your behavior.
More importantly, drug abuse can quickly spiral downward into a medical emergency. Some of the more serious side effects of Adderall include:
- Cardiac arrest
Snorting Adderall can also damage your sinuses. Frequent abusers often experience nosebleeds or a sinus infection that would not go away.
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Warning Signs of Adderall Overdose
Overdosing on Adderall is the most common cause of emergency room visits. More often than not, users have become very creative at hiding their addiction, which is why the problem is not noticed until it’s too late.
Watch out for the following signs:
- Elevated body temperature
- Slow down in breathing
- Irregular breathing
- Accelerated heart rate
- Almost painful palpitations
- Chest pains
- Dilated pupils
Don’t hesitate to call medical personnel immediately if you see some of these signs. You can also apply first aid while waiting for 911 rescuers to arrive.
For instance, drag them to a bathtub filled with ice water to get their temperature to come down, have them drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration and finally, ask them what type of drug is taken and the amount of dosage. The latter will save some time for the medical personnel to determine what’s wrong.
The question is why does a person overdose?
There are several contributing factors to the overdose risk. For instance, injecting or snorting Adderall is a dangerous practice because you break down the body’s mechanism to break down any drug into safer levels. You also increase the risk of hyperthermia when you exercise after taking Adderall. Mixing it with a depressant like alcohol is also dangerous because the counteracting effects force you to take in more quantity.
When to Stage an Intervention
With some people addicted to prescription drugs, an intervention may be necessary to get them help. Some families are still hesitant to stage an intervention out of fear of destroying the relationship. It also seems very extreme to force your loved ones to go to rehab even if it’s against their will.
But an intervention may be necessary if the user is not keen on getting help despite the appeal of the family. At this point, saving the life of the user is the primary goal and let the family heal when he’s already free from the dangerous chemical.
In fact, count yourself lucky if you find that the person is only addicted to Adderall. This can be considered a gateway drug to other stimulants like meth or cocaine. It’s not uncommon for some users to mix the three drugs, which makes for a very dangerous combination.
One fallacy that’s still circulating right now is that going to rehab should be voluntary on the part of the patient to increase the success rate. The whole family must band together to force the individual to confront his bad habits. There are intervention specialists who can help you in this regard. Understand, however, that the individual may lash out at the family members with painful words and even violent actions. You must be prepared for this eventuality.
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Adderall Withdrawal Symptoms
Once the patient will stop using the drug, withdrawal symptoms will immediately follow. It’s important to note that just because the individual is experiencing withdrawal it doesn’t necessarily mean that he’s addicted to the drug.
Below are some of the symptoms the patient may encounter after he stopped taking the drug:
- Intense cravings
- Suicidal thoughts
- Short-term memory loss
- Irritability and anger
- Hunger pangs
- Panic attacks
Not all people who abuse Adderall will experience all the symptoms. It will really depend on the constitution of the individual, the physical health, the duration of the addiction. The first symptoms may be felt as early as six hours after the last dose.
With medical detox, you will be given drug substitutes to make the withdrawal process less uncomfortable for you. The duration of the withdrawal will take three days to as long as one month. Most detox processes won’t take that long. The idea is to reduce the dosage as time goes by, under the close supervision of medical personnel, until the point when you are already clean and the withdrawal symptoms have all gone away.
In fact, Adderall is not as potent compared to the other drugs. The negative effects will also stop when the patient discontinues use. The only hitch is that most people don’t have the willpower to deny the intense cravings. This is why they should enroll themselves in a residential facility where the chance of recovery is very high. There’s also the outpatient program but this is not typically recommended because the patient will still be out of the facility and be exposed to temptations and stress.
Finding a Rehab for Adderall Dependence
Although the case will vary from person to person, the typical treatment program for Adderall is medical detox, therapy, and post-rehab care.
After the detox, therapy sessions will then follow. There is a myriad of methods employed by rehab centers to try to reach out to the patient. While cognitive behavioral therapy may work on one or two patients, one person may respond for to another type of therapy. Some patients may be more comfortable with individual sessions while others find that part of the process as very unpleasant.
The trick for all rehab centers is to find out which of the methods the patient will respond to and then craft a treatment strategy that is suited to the individual’s needs. Finishing the rehab program is only half the battle. The patient in recovery will have to stave off a relapse, particularly in the early years after graduating from the facility. This is where aftercare programs can help provide the necessary support system to ensure sobriety.
As you can see, snorting Adderall can have serious consequences and this is why you shouldn’t go off-label when this drug is prescribed to you by the doctor. Get yourself or your loved ones the assistance they need with certified rehab facilities in your city. They can get on the road to recovery and gain their life back free from drug use.
Want more information about how Chapters Capistrano can help? Feel free to call 949-276-2886 and one of our addiction specialists will help get the information and help you need.
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